Histology and Embryology

2 ECTS / Semester / Portuguese

Objectives and competences

KNOWLEDGE: Acquisition of basic knowledge concerning the microscopic structure, chemical composition and function of tissues and tissue systems

UNDERSTANDING: Thinking skills that allow students to understand the way tissues work, its structure and relation to the function of organs

APPLICATION: Use the basic knowledge acquired in order to think and explain day-to-day natural phenomena

ANALYSIS: Integrating different knowledge and relate the different levels of organization of human tissues

SUMMARY: Development of synthesis skills

EVALUATE: Distinguish the different structures, levels of organization and the different operating modes of the various tissues and tissue systems

Results expected:
Understanding the microanatomy of cells, tissues and organs and the correlation between structure and function.


Teaching Methodologies

Theoretical classes: presentation, interpretation and correlation of the different subjects. Observation and interpretation of photographs of optical and electronic microscopy of different cell and tissue structures. Realization of a monograph on the relationship between embryonic development and nutrition.



Methods to study histology.
Preparation of tissues for microscopic examination, histochemistry and cytochemistry,
immunocytochemistry, hybridization, Autoradiography

Epithelial tissue
Classification of epitelial tissue. Cell surface specializations, glands

Connective tissue
Extracellular matrix, ground substance, fibers, cells. Classsification: CT proper, specialized CT (cartilage, bone, blood, lymph, adipose)

Muscle Tissue
Skeletal muscle: skeletal muscle cells, myofilaments, sarcomeres, T tubules and sarcoplasmic
reticulum. Muscle enervation. Cardiac and smooth muscles

Nerve Tissue
Cells of the nervous tissue: neurons (soma, dendrites, axons, classification)
Glial cells of the CNS and PNS (oligodendrocytes astrocytes, microglia Schwann cells)
Chemical and electrical synapses
Meninges, choroid plexuses, cerebrospinal liquid
Nerves and Ganglia

Embryology and Nutrition (elaboration of monographic work)


Assistant Professor
Ph.D. degree in Biotechnology (Microbiology) from Universidade Católica Portuguesa.